it refers to a point in space-time - for example, inside a black hole - at which the rules of ordinary physics do not apply.
"within 30 years, we will have the technological means to create super-human intelligence. Shortly after, the human era will be ended."
"the best person I know at predicting the future of artificial intelligence."
I wish I could bring you less exciting news of the future, but I've looked at the numbers, and this is what they say, so what else can I tell you?
"Even at that time, technology was moving quickly enough that the world was going to be different by the time you finished a project," he says.
"So it's like skeet shooting - you can't shoot at the target."
the change over time in the amount of computing power, measured in MIPS (millions of instructions per second), that you can buy for $1,000.
"It's really amazing how smooth these trajectories are," he says. "Through thick and thin, war and peace, boom times and recessions."
technological progress happens exponentially, not linearly.
"It's not intuitive. Our built-in predictors are linear. When we're trying to avoid an animal, we pick the linear prediction of where it's going to be in 20 seconds and what to do about it. That is actually hardwired in our brains."
"People have begun to realize that the view of aging being something immutable - rather like the heat death of the universe - is simply ridiculous," he says.
"It's just childish. The human body is a machine that has a bunch of functions, and it accumulates various types of damage as a side effect of the normal function of the machine. Therefore in principal that damage can be repaired periodically.
This is why we have vintage cars. It's really just a matter of paying attention. The whole of medicine consists of messing about with what looks pretty inevitable until you figure out how to make it not inevitable."
"There are people who can accept computers being more intelligent than people," he says.
"But the idea of significant changes to human longevity - that seems to be particularly controversial. People invested a lot of personal effort into certain philosophies dealing with the issue of life and death. I mean, that's the major reason we have religion."
"Although biological components act in ways that are comparable to those in electronic circuits," he argued, in a talk titled 'What Cells Can Do That Robots Can't,' "they are set apart by the huge number of different states they can adopt.
Multiple biochemical processes create chemical modifications of protein molecules, further diversified by association with distinct structures at defined locations of a cell.
The resulting combinatorial explosion of states endows living systems with an almost infinite capacity to store information regarding past and present conditions and a unique capacity to prepare for future events."
- If I can scan my consciousness into a computer, am I still me?
- What are the geopolitics and the socioeconomics of the Singularity?
- Who decides who gets to be immortal?
- Who draws the line between sentient and non-sentient?
- And as we approach immortality, omniscience and omnipotence, will our lives still have meaning?
- By beating death, will we have lost our essential humanity?
"It would require a totalitarian system to implement such a ban," he says.
"It wouldn't work. It would just drive these technologies underground, where the responsible scientists who we're counting on to create the defenses would not have easy access to the tools."
"Generally speaking," he says, "the core of a disagreement I'll have with a critic is, they'll say, Oh, Kurzweil is underestimating the complexity of reverse-engineering of the human brain or the complexity of biology. But I don't believe I'm underestimating the challenge. I think they're underestimating the power of exponential growth."
"When people look at the implications of ongoing exponential growth, it gets harder and harder to accept," he says.
"So you get people who really accept, yes, things are progressing exponentially, but they fall off the horse at some point because the implications are too fantastic. I've tried to push myself to really look."